National Strategic Plans for the Development of Higher Education
In the decades prior to independence the educational system of Moldova made substantial progress towards being available to all citizens. At the beginning of the 20th century illiteracy had been common among Moldova’s rural population. In 1990 the average duration of schooling was 6 years and 30 % of population above 15 had completed general secondary education. The role of higher education was considerable: in 1992 there were 120 students per 10,000 citizens, as compared with 10 students per 10,000 citizens enrolled in HEIs in 1940.
The National Education Development plan for 2000-2005 aims at the finalization of the legislative, management and curriculum framework in order to fulfill the educational policy of the state as it has beer, defined by the Conception, Law on Education, and some other documents.
According to the Program for Education Development the process of reforms in education will have finalized by 2005. General secondary schools will be reorganized gradually into gymnasiums and lyceums based on the existing human potential and infrastructure of educational institutions.
The State Program for Education Development (1999-2005) is a two-phase strategy regarding the modernization of the sector. The first phase (1999-2001) aims at establishing a scientific, legislative, managerial and financial basis for the development of education in the country. The second phase (2002-2005) aims at building an educational system that would correspond to the needs and interests of both the individual and the community.
The general provisions for the development of education are as follows:
The National Development Educational Program envisages as follows: